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Scammers are told to use a female partner for the video call part of the process, but there are guidelines on what they should look like: If a scammer is successful here, and managed to con the target out of money for a webcam, or other small amounts, then they may attempt the riskiest part of the process, known as the "pause." Scammers are instructed to stage an altercation over webcam, and then cease contact.
After a week, scammers are told to call the target and claim that their "husband/father/pimp/whoever" got "drunk/high/whatever" and attacked them.
This screenshot shows a user of a hacker forum being advised that a quick way to find sets of photos is to automatically download them from Facebook: Even before a scammer messages you, you can spot they're fake by checking their photos.
Performing a Google image search for an account's profile picture will show you where on the internet the image appears — sometimes you'll see it attached to Facebook, Instagram and Twitter accounts with various different names.
They should have a burner phone, he says (a disposable phone that can be used for temporary tasks and then discarded).
Potential scammers are also advised to use virtual private networks and proxy services, both of which can help hide the scammer's real IP address and location in case law enforcement get involved.
Another way to spot whether an account is fake is the selection of photos that it uses.
Adhrann's guide says that scammers should "look on the Internet for a bunch of pics of a cute girl" and select someone who is "not a top model, but a normal sexy girl." To find photos, scammers can buy sets of photographs of young women, often through shady forums frequented by hackers.
If you've used a dating site or app like Ok Cupid or Tinder, you'll have noticed the hundreds of fake profiles that exist on the sites, seemingly designed to make you hand over your profile to scammers.
Dating sites are, thankfully, getting better at spotting who is using their service to send thousands of spam messages.
That's a sure sign that the account is fake, as the photo must have been circulating on the internet.